2011 Guest, Power House Productions, Detroit, USA (three months).
2005 Artist in Residence, CEAC/Chinese European Art Center, Xiamen, CN (three months).
2001 Artist in Residence, ICAEE/International Art Exchange Exhibition, Tokio, JP (one month).   
1995 - 1997 MFA   Piet Zwart Institute, Institute for Postgraduate Studies and Research, Fine Art, Rotterdam.
1990 - 1995 BFA   Fine Art Enschede/ArtEZ, Sculpture Department, Enschede.